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#178366 - 05/28/08 11:04 PM Useless neutral 277/480  
Redsy  Offline
Member
Joined: Mar 2001
Posts: 2,056
Bucks County PA
I need to install a step-up transformer from a 240 panel to get 480 volts for 3-phase equipment. No 277 required. However, in order to avoid the debate about grounded v. ungrounded 480 v. 3 phase 3 wire delta, I'm thinking about specifying a 277/480Y secondary and grounding the neutral, but not using it.

Comments, please?

Thanks,
John


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#178368 - 05/28/08 11:22 PM Re: Useless neutral 277/480 [Re: Redsy]  
Tesla  Offline
Member
Joined: Jun 2004
Posts: 1,273
Sacramento, CA
Probably not economic.

Stay with a pure delta-delta transform.

Monitor the power for phase loss.

Is this a VFD driven load?


Tesla

#178374 - 05/29/08 06:21 AM Re: Useless neutral 277/480 [Re: Tesla]  
SteveFehr  Offline
Member
Joined: Mar 2005
Posts: 1,213
Chesapeake, VA
If you're worried, why not just use a delta-wye transformer, ground the secondary neutral, and just not run a 4th wire? If you don't have to worry about phase shift, it's really the way to go.

Though the coils in a delta secondary aren't grounded, the core is, and magnetic core conductance and reactance will hold a delta secondary near equal potential, especially if the phases are balanced. Think of it like a wye-wye with a high impedance ground on the neutral.


#178382 - 05/29/08 09:44 AM Re: Useless neutral 277/480 [Re: SteveFehr]  
gfretwell  Offline


Member
Joined: Jul 2004
Posts: 9,142
Estero,Fl,usa
Corner ground it?


Greg Fretwell

#178406 - 05/29/08 06:11 PM Re: Useless neutral 277/480 [Re: Redsy]  
Redsy  Offline
Member
Joined: Mar 2001
Posts: 2,056
Bucks County PA
Thanks guys!

I hesitate to corner ground the delta because 480 to ground concerns me. However, I'm not sure I want to float the delta either, hence my question.

However, a delta wye step-up xfmr seems to be special order and costs a premium. I will let the customer decide.

The other question...

The xfmr rep. says that although their step-down xfmr can be connected backwards, the inrush will be 10X primary current. A true step-up xfmr inrush would be 4-5X primary current, but a true step-up xfmr would cost more.

I am concerned about tripping primary OCPD if I connect backwards.


#178409 - 05/29/08 07:24 PM Re: Useless neutral 277/480 [Re: Redsy]  
Tesla  Offline
Member
Joined: Jun 2004
Posts: 1,273
Sacramento, CA
The power calculations on three phase transformers are identical to three phase motors. ( Truly identical )

So just treat the transformer as if it were a motor load and protect it accordingly from the high side.

You'll still need protection on the secondary ( higher ) side because transformer faults still have to be guarded against. Use the Separately Derived System rules.


Tesla

#178468 - 05/31/08 07:32 PM Re: Useless neutral 277/480 [Re: Tesla]  
HotLine1  Offline


Member
Joined: Apr 2002
Posts: 6,883
Brick, NJ USA
Redsy:
FWIW, I never had an issue with a back-feed on 75 to 150 kva 480-120/208 delta/wye xfrs. All were for 480 machine loads; balance was not an issue.


John

#178510 - 06/02/08 06:10 PM Re: Useless neutral 277/480 [Re: Redsy]  
Redsy  Offline
Member
Joined: Mar 2001
Posts: 2,056
Bucks County PA
Thanks everyone.

Thanks John,

Do you prefer to corner ground, or float the 480 volt side?

Last edited by Redsy; 06/02/08 06:12 PM.

#178517 - 06/03/08 06:37 AM Re: Useless neutral 277/480 [Re: Redsy]  
pauluk  Offline
Member
Joined: Aug 2001
Posts: 7,520
Norfolk, England
If you don't want to ground a delta secondary solidly but are concerned about just letting stray capacitances balance out the voltage to ground on the phases, how about using a bank of three resistors to provide a ground reference?


#178526 - 06/03/08 02:45 PM Re: Useless neutral 277/480 [Re: pauluk]  
HotLine1  Offline


Member
Joined: Apr 2002
Posts: 6,883
Brick, NJ USA
Redsy:
I float the 480 side. 3 phase, 3 wire.


Last edited by HotLine1; 06/03/08 02:46 PM.

John


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