this has been gone over a gazillion times I know,but please one more time A building that is not connected to house no water lines,no phone,nothing connecting it to home What is the proper way to wire it if there is a sub panel and you run 2 hots a neutral and a ground would you use another ground rod at building would you tie the neutral and ground on same bar same set up only no ground wire run to building would ground rod be installed and would the ground from rod and neutral be placed on same bus or split What I am trying to understand is an easy way to explain when and when not to use a ground rod and when and when not to keep grounded condutors and grounds apart in the sub panel
MAY THE SUN SHINE ON YOUR FACE IN THE MORNING AND YOU AWAKE WITH A SMILE
2) Grounded Conductor. Where (1) an equipment grounding conductor is not run with the supply to the building or structure, (2) there are no continuous metallic paths bonded to the grounding system in both buildings or structures involved, and (3) ground-fault protection of equipment has not been installed on the common ac service, the grounded circuit conductor run with the supply to the building or structure shall be connected to the building or structure disconnecting means and to the grounding electrode(s) and shall be used for grounding or bonding of equipment, structures, or frames required to be grounded or bonded. The size of the grounded conductor shall not be smaller than the larger of (1) That required by 220.22 (2) That required by 250.122
commentary........ Similar to the provisions of 250.30(A)(2), 250.32(B)(2) also eliminates the creation of parallel paths for normal neutral current on grounding conductors, metal raceways, metal piping, and other metal structures. In previous editions of the Code, the grounding electrode conductor and equipment grounding conductors were permitted to be connected to the grounded conductor at a separate building or structure. This multiple-location grounding arrangement could provide parallel paths for neutral current along the electrical system and along other continuous metallic piping and mechanical systems as well. Connection of the grounded conductor to a grounding electrode system at a separate building or structure is permitted only if these parallel paths are not created and if there is no common ground-fault protection of equipment provided at the service where the feeder or branch circuit originates.
Of course any theory here falls into the twilight zone when the POCO does this.... (another lash to the decomposing equestrian..)
If you're installing a sub-panel in a detached building, you will always need at least one and probably two ground rods.
The cost of an equipment ground conductor is very small. Unless you're into some really cut-throat low bid situation, just run a 4 wire feed & then the installation will be compliant in the future if someone else runs a metal pipe, etc out to the building.
Few things are harder to put up with than the annoyance of a good example.
OK, another thread probably, but--- We know that a Grounding Electrode System is required to be established at separate buildings that are supplied by more than one branch ckt. The question is what purpose does the Grounding Electrode serve if a EGC is run with the feeder/branch ckt conductors?