I'm in agreement with you that there are no code restrictions on installing a fuse panel. However, one would have to look really hard to find one I believe.
Plug fuse panels are becoming very rare, however I do come upon one occasionally. A 12 circuit plug fuse, 60 amp service was 'discovered' on inspection of a solar install. I strongly suggested to the HO that the funds she 'saves' from the solar she should invest in a new 100 amp service. LOL
Back in the day, "fusestats" (S-Fuses) were 'stock' in the trucks of the EC I worked for, as he did a lot of 'inner city' work, and most of the multi family dwellings had fuse panels. 30s were a common find, lots of blown 15s and 20s on the floor, and yes, there were a few fires due to overloads on the 14 Ga. conductors.