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GFCI or AFCI operation #196546 10/12/10 01:40 PM
Joined: Aug 2006
Posts: 356
Niko Offline OP
Member
Will a GFCI or AFCI circuit breaker trip if it only sees a return current on the neutral that is from another circuit due to crossed neutrals in a Jbox.

For example, the GFCI circuit feeds bathroom receptacles but does not have any load on it, however the neutral of this circuit has been crossed with a non protected circuit in the same junction box, with out any load on the GFCI will it trip if it sees a return current on the neutral that is from another circuit?

Thanks


Be kind to your neighbor, he knows where you live

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Re: GFCI or AFCI operation [Re: Niko] #196549 10/12/10 02:42 PM
Joined: Jul 2004
Posts: 9,571
G
gfretwell Offline
Member
Yes it will trip.

In fact one of the the most common source of mystery AFCI trips is a short from neutral to ground, essentially the same thing. You have some phase current going out that is not matched by the neutral current coming back.


Greg Fretwell
Re: GFCI or AFCI operation [Re: gfretwell] #196551 10/12/10 03:26 PM
Joined: Aug 2006
Posts: 356
Niko Offline OP
Member
Greg, i agree with you 100% on what you said.

but in this hypothetical situation there is no phase current going out. there is only return current coming back from another circuit.


Be kind to your neighbor, he knows where you live

Re: GFCI or AFCI operation [Re: Niko] #196552 10/12/10 04:09 PM
Joined: Jul 2004
Posts: 783
L
LarryC Offline
Member
Quote
You have some phase current going out that is not matched by the neutral current coming back.


Zero going out, and non zero coming back. Trip.

Zero going out, zero coming back. NO trip.

Non zero going out. SAME non zero coming back. NO trip.

Non zero going out, different coming back. TRIP

Re: GFCI or AFCI operation [Re: LarryC] #196553 10/12/10 04:25 PM
Joined: Aug 2006
Posts: 356
Niko Offline OP
Member
Got it thanks a lot.

good explanation i will use it.


Be kind to your neighbor, he knows where you live

Re: GFCI or AFCI operation [Re: Niko] #196558 10/13/10 01:27 AM
Joined: Jul 2004
Posts: 9,571
G
gfretwell Offline
Member
A GFCI is really a pretty simple device. There is a small transformer in there (sensing coil) with the "hot" wound one way(top pair of green wires) and the "neutral" wound the other way (bottom pair of green wires. That is the primary. If the current is exactly the same they cancel, there is no flux in the core and the secondary winding has zero volts. Any difference shows up as a secondary voltage and the device trips.

[Linked Image from gfretwell.com]

Last edited by gfretwell; 10/13/10 01:31 AM.

Greg Fretwell
Re: GFCI or AFCI operation [Re: gfretwell] #196561 10/13/10 12:57 PM
Joined: Aug 2006
Posts: 356
Niko Offline OP
Member
Very cool, thanks Greg.


Be kind to your neighbor, he knows where you live


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