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Ufer Ground installation #178951
06/17/08 06:14 PM
06/17/08 06:14 PM
Up2code  Offline OP
Joined: May 2007
Posts: 55
Hope everyones having great summer! It seems to fly by. My question is how to properly install a UFER ground, aka foundation ground. General contractor pouring foundation on this house says he's never heard of it. We've decided where service(200A single phase) is going on building, but I've never actually installed one. Any info would be appreciated. Thanks!

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Re: Ufer Ground installation [Re: Up2code] #178961
06/17/08 11:02 PM
06/17/08 11:02 PM
twh  Offline
Joined: Mar 2004
Posts: 928
Regina, Sask.
Google "ufer ground" with the quotes. There is conflicting information about how it should be done. Such as tied or welded re-bar and about installing bare ground wires in concrete. You might still need the normal ground.

Re: Ufer Ground installation [Re: twh] #178963
06/17/08 11:27 PM
06/17/08 11:27 PM
leland  Offline
Joined: Aug 2007
Posts: 853
Lowell area, Ma. USA
Really quite simple. Just run the re-bar from the footings (not foundation) up and out next to the panel (it can go in the foundation walls)(non coated re-bar). Bond that to the panel, done.
That's the simple version... no that's the only version.

The re-bar is now your ground. Anything after that is "supplimental" or bonding.

Last edited by leland; 06/17/08 11:32 PM.
Re: Ufer Ground installation [Re: leland] #179014
06/21/08 09:18 AM
06/21/08 09:18 AM
electure  Offline

Joined: Dec 2000
Posts: 4,265
Fullerton, CA USA
It's called a concrete encased electrode, and lives at 250.52 (A)(3) in the 2005 NEC.

That's the simple version... no that's the only version

Well, it's not really the only acceptable version.

......"or consisting of at least 6.0 m (20 ft) of bare copper conductor not smaller than 4 AWG."

From the period 1942-1960, H.G. Ufer tested 24 buildings in Arizona every 2 weeks for resistance values. The installations consisted of 1/2" steel reinforcing bars encased in the bottom of the footings. As a result of these tests, Ufer recommended that a #4 or larger copper conductor be encased in the bottom of the footings, and further testing be performed. The results of the further testing impressed the members of CMP-5, and the concrete encased electrode was accepted.

The term "Ufer Ground" truly only applies to this copper electrode, but has generally been used for any concrete encased electrode.

Re: Ufer Ground installation [Re: electure] #180869
09/13/08 11:51 PM
09/13/08 11:51 PM
gfretwell  Offline

Joined: Jul 2004
Posts: 9,186
Make sure your AHJ accepts the turned up rebar method (a piece of rebar above the concrete that is lapped and tied to the steel in the bottom of the footing).
The method that is more universally accepted is a piece of #4 copper tied to the Rebar with a listed clamp and brought all the way to the panel. You always have the fear that this will be broken or stolen between the footer pour and the electrical final though.
In my area of Florida they go with the turned up rebar method and that rebar is in a block cell with a mud ring and cover to keep it accessible.

Greg Fretwell


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