The formula for pri current is kVA/E pri times the phase multiplier. In this case a single-phase multiplier is 1. If it were 3 phase the multiplier would be 1.73.
It would be a good idea to read section 450.3(B) and study the table. You should understand that in general a transformer operating at 600V or less is considered (in general) when the pri OCPD is set at 125% of the pri FLC) The table will go on to indicate that in cases where there is OCP at the secondary of the transformer which is set at 125% of the secondary FLC, the pri OCPD may be increased to 250% of pri FLC.
Your transformer should have a 41A pri and 2.5 X 41 yield 102. (see notes to tables ) I'd call it 100A.
#48316 - 02/10/0512:33 AMRe: Confused about transformers
Cpal said "Your transformer should have a 41A pri and 2.5 X 41 yield 102. (see notes to tables ) I'd call it 100A." That is correct. Note that the table allows you to go up to 250% but not exceed that figure. If the 250% does not yeild a standard fuse or breaker, you may not round up.