Had a Doctor for a customer that added an X-ray machine to his practice. That equipment needed a 3 phase service, so we ended up with 120/240 single phase service and a 120/240 3 phase 4 wire service to the same building.
Another contractor ended up doing something similar on a truck stop remodel to keep from building a 400 amp 3 phase service. Built two 200 amp services like the example above and saved the owner some money.
You're on your own for "such as"
Few things are harder to put up with than the annoyance of a good example.
The handhook expands on that; "For different applications, such as different rate schedules, this requirement allows a second service for supplying a second meter on a different rate. Curtailable loads, interruptible loads, electric heating, and electric water heating are examples of loads that may be on a different rate."
I am not sure why that needs another service (they can simply split the metering after the drop) but since this is a utility decision it is really out of our hands. Another place I could see 2 services is if the primary loads come in on a medium voltage drop with customer owned transformer and they want some 240 for their firepump. I did see that once. I think the emergency panels ran off that too, with transfer equipment to the genny, but it was a while ago so I am not sure about that.
Like in Toms post, I have a customer with a carpet/tile sales building with a 120/240 single phase service and they needed 480 3 phase 4 wire service to the same building for a granite cutting machine he was setting up to do counter tops.So I added the 2nd service to the place and located it on the opposite side of the building too. I asked for permission to add the 2nd service from the AHJ. I also placed plaques denoting the other service at each. shortcircuit
Any of the multiple service buildings I have been involved with have either needed additional capacity or it just did not make sense to bring all the power in on one side of the building only to have to bring 50% of the capacity across to the other side.
Sometimes it is truly multiple services other times multiple feeders.
We did a large refrigerated / mechanized warehouse with 7- 3000 amp 480 volt switch gears. I believe that one was feeders.
I was involved with a building in Somerville MA that had.
In the electric room
1- 4000 amp 208 service
1- 3000 amp 480 service
And up on the roof (13.8 KV up to the roof in concrete encasement)
3- 3000 amp 480 services.
Bob Badger Construction & Maintenance Electrician Massachusetts
Re: 230-2(d) it is fairly common to see older industrial buildings in our city that have 120/240/1ph or 24/3 delta; with additional 120/208/3 or 277/480/3 added for the requirements of the current business occupying the space. Now that I work for the city Fire Dept. I really see a lot more of the reason for 230-2; especially 230-2 (e). In a fire emergency, the Fire dept. will kill the power prior to fire suppression. If there are multiple services with PERMANENT signage (not to be confused with felt pen labeling), they can ID all the services, at night, in smoke, and successfully kill all the power. Better still: One service point-multiple voltage/phase as required, all in one place, all clearly labeled with PERMANENT SIGNS. Even better still: Upgrade service; with feeders & XFormers's for lower voltages and single phase. It's only money, but cheap safety. It's liable to be more efficient power distribution, with consequent lower electric bills. Additional comment about labeling: CA Fire Code (2000 UFC) art. 85-requires Electrical Rooms and Mains to be labeled with legible and plainly visble signs (see "at night, in smoke" above. Thanks for all the inputs, on all the NEC issues, all of you; I learn something every day.