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#80186 - 03/14/02 02:09 PM # of Ground rods  
AndrusT  Offline
Joined: Mar 2002
Posts: 22
Whats the rule, on when you need to have 2 ground rods?
I have heard 2 reasons.
1. When the service is over 200 amps.
2. When your water pipe has a plastic main.

I have also heard the reason for this is cause you need 10 feet of ground (rod, or copper main) going into the earth. I can't seem to find this stuff myself. Thanks

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#80187 - 03/14/02 05:06 PM Re: # of Ground rods  
Tom  Offline
Joined: Jan 2001
Posts: 1,044
Shinnston, WV USA
Unless you've got the $$$ for the tester & time to waste, you'll need 2 rods at all times.

See 250-56 1999 NEC

Few things are harder to put up with than the annoyance of a good example.

#80188 - 03/14/02 05:54 PM Re: # of Ground rods  
sparky66wv  Offline
Joined: Nov 2000
Posts: 2,236
West Virginia
2002 NEC 250.56

A little more explanation:

Unless you have the equipment and time to prove that your one grounding electrode has a resistance of 25 Ohms or less (and the Power Company doesn't mind only one) then the NEC requires no less than two.

Ground Meggers are expensive...

Also, 250.52(A)(5) requires 8 ft to be in contact with the earth. 10 ft. could be your local PoCo requirement.

[This message has been edited by sparky66wv (edited 03-14-2002).]

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#80189 - 03/14/02 08:34 PM Re: # of Ground rods  
motor-T  Offline
Joined: Nov 2001
Posts: 280
Girard, Ohio, USA
As it was explained to me by our inspector, he said, " Show me 25 ohms to ground, or drive two ground rods, its that simple."

#80190 - 03/14/02 11:09 PM Re: # of Ground rods  
spkjpr  Offline
Joined: Dec 2000
Posts: 218
Sedalia,MO, USA
Motor t, my inspector is even easier than that. He just says two ground rods no matter what.

#80191 - 03/22/02 06:48 AM Re: # of Ground rods  
joeh20  Offline
Joined: Mar 2002
Posts: 95
Tullahoma, TN, 37388
Our local PoCo went behind their own office and drove 10 8' ground rods and never got 25 ohms. So they let us get by with two now. I worked on a 1200 amp 480v with 5 rods 10' apart cadwelded to 4/0 copper in addition to a clamp on a 4" galvanize water line thirty feet in direct contact with the earth and never got 25 ohms. But the key here was undisturbed earth, seems any fill really messes thing up.

Lighting the way

#80192 - 03/24/02 09:57 PM Re: # of Ground rods  
NonLinearLoad  Offline
Joined: Mar 2002
Posts: 53
McHenry, IL. USA
One rod as supplemental to primary ground as in city supplied water, attachment per code distances, service size to AWG sizing.
Got a well, TWO rods 6' apart all continous wire. Still it gets attached to the first copper accessible to tank as the backup water in the hole deal, got water it gets to the earth.
Wisconsin... TWO rods, due to soil.

#80193 - 04/02/02 07:56 PM Re: # of Ground rods  
electricdiver  Offline
Junior Member
Joined: Apr 2002
Posts: 2
read 250-81 carefully. you don't need any grd rods if you meet the first several conditions

#80194 - 04/02/02 09:25 PM Re: # of Ground rods  
electure  Offline

Joined: Dec 2000
Posts: 4,260
Fullerton, CA USA
All you really have to do is have less than 25 ohms to ground on your grounding electrode connection...if it takes 1 rod, or 100.
(rods are kind of a junky ground path. If you're in trouble, you can pour a concrete encased electrode aka:Ufer, by just putting 20' of GEC sized Cu wire in a trench filled with concrete. Unless you have some kind of "resistance dirt", it'll pass)

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Posts: 216
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