What guidelines do engineers use to determine if a xfomer will be hung above the ceiling or floor mounted? Do any code issues dictate this? Small offices in retail stores or schools often end up with a floor mounted "heated table" (as I call them)and are very hot and noisy rooms as a result. The old answer (teach it the words) to the often asked question "How can I get that thing to stop humming?" is not well recieved.
There are really no code references, thought NECA standards do describe preferred practices.
In the air or on the floor? How much can you lift?
The transformer itself need not be readily accessible; having to use a ladder is acceptable. The disconnect- that's a different matter.
The 'hum' is part physics, part design, part installation, and part age.
The electrical forces involved both make the transformer go 'thunk' when you power it up, and create internal vibration that get made into that 'hum.'
Many transformers are now designed with the internal parts 'floating' on cushioned mounts, as well as other components designed to reduce the hum that you hear.
When you instal the transformer, you can reduce the amount of hum that you hear by: -Mounting on rubber foot pads; -Making final cttachemnts through lengths of flex, rather than rigid pipe; -Cushioning adjacent surfaces; and, -Not installing in corners, or other places that will tend to focus, or amplify, the sound.
#71493 - 10/31/0610:34 AMRe: Dry type transformer locations
Its 450.13 (B) and its 50 kva, my mistake not 45. My mind plays tricks with me sometimes. I don't install many 50 kva transformers, lots of 45 kva transformers and therefore I mentally moved the 50 to 45 kva.
#71496 - 11/01/0607:58 AMRe: Dry type transformer locations
macmikeman, when you start talking close 50kVA, that's going to be dumping a significant heat load into the cavity and you have to start worrying about ventilation, too. A drop ceiling tends to trap hot air, so it's a little more difficult than just putting a few grilles in.
poorboy: to answer your question, as an engineer, there is very little difference between wall-mount, floor-mount or ceiling-mount. It depends on the size (if it's large, it's WAY easier to install on the ground), but moreso the cable routing and other practical reasons that factor more into the cost of the job than anything else. As transformers generate a lot of heat load, we usually like to place them in ventilated spaces vs air conditioned spaces so as to avoid the A/C costs.
And yes, everyone hates the hum- there are numerous reasons not to install transformers in office spaces. If the transformer was put there, it was probably just to shave a couple bucks.
[This message has been edited by SteveFehr (edited 11-01-2006).]
#71497 - 11/03/0612:32 AMRe: Dry type transformer locations
The only time I specify to have a Transformer mounted on some shelf, or the dreaded "Suspended Above A Ceiling" is due to the Client's request.
For example, if the Forklift Operators have a really bad case of Tunnel Vision (they only see what's directly in front of them, within a 3 foot square window, which is no less than 6 feet above the floor), placing a Transformer on a wall mounted shelf - Which Has Been Designed Properly By A Structural Engineer, is done to eliminate frequent Transformer replacement.
The alternative would involve protecting the Transformer with an array of Bollards (and the Bollards having a very high testosterone level...D-Ohh...)
This would be something discussed during preliminary meetings.
Hanging Transformers above Ceilings would also be (to me) a Design Issue, mentioned to the Client during meetings, or by the Client during same meetings.
I tend to try and find better locations to place Transformers, where they might have issues - especially when it comes to hanging them above Ceilings, but sometimes things just don't workout that way and the Transformer needs to be "Floated" out of harms way.
Being that my Designs are the first half of a complete project (Design/Build), I know that sometime soon I will be hanging and hooking up that Transformer - so reluctance to place it anywhere but on the finished floor begins from that understanding!
Nevertheless, having this "Default Thought Process" of placing heavy Transformers on the floor would trickle over to any design ideal, if I ever do go out and design stuff for others to install.
Scott " 35 " Thompson Just Say NO To Green Eggs And Ham!
#71498 - 11/03/0605:47 AMRe: Dry type transformer locations
I was just going to get to that earthquake issue and I see Mxslick's post... Anyway to the best of my current knowledge, none of the many I have hung up in ceilings came down during the recent very discernable earthquake we had. I have done some in Kona too, by the way on the Big Island and it got jolted really good. I like using long struts suspended across the top of two structural beams with hanging rods down to the struts supporting my xfmrs. Beam Clamps just seem to me to be less secure.