Neher-McGrath calculations provide an alternative method for computing derating of conductors in conduit.
While an engineer is required to oversee the computations. This shows how I would do the computations.
My goal is to place as many 12g wires in a conduit as possible while maintaining 20amp capacity.
12g THHN (90 degree) has 30amp capacity. 7 to 9 current carrying conductors in conduit are derated to 21amps. 9 current carrying conductors (c) plus 4 grounds will fit in 3/4" PVC-40. 3/4" PVC-40 has an inside diameter (id) of .824" and a wall thickness (t) of .113".
From the Neher-McGrath calculations (or general heat transfer solutions) one can deduce that id/t/c is a constant. In this case the constant is .81.
To compute the number of conductors allowed in a different size PVC-40 conduit use the formula
2" PVC-40 conduit has an 2.067 and a wall thickness of .154.
(2.067/.154)/.81 = 16 current carrying wires.
Fill computations allow up to 99 12g wires in 2" conduit. So fill in not a concern. 8 two wire THHN circuits plus grounds will fit. There might be enough space to use 8 12-2+G NM circuits in 2" conduit.
While I chose 12g wire for my starting point, an engineer is free to start where he wishes. He can be more agressive than I.
There is one detail. Neher-McGrath requires the conduit spacing be the lesser of 3 times the conduit diameter (center to center) and the wall thickness.
>While an engineer is required to oversee the computations. [...]
Why this fuss about engineers? A degree in engineering only shows that you have a five year training to make wild guesses look like the unquestionable truth. Make nice looking CAD's, PowerPoint slides and sound like you know what you are talking about.
Re: Neher-McGrath calculations#22562 02/26/0311:15 AM02/26/0311:15 AM
Wow George, Great job. I guess that is why I always end up sticking to the tables and charts. Thanks for the input George. I will go through carefully as I should at least know how these are done. By the way, are there examples of such calcs back in Annex D or where would I go?
Hey Joe, my hats off to PE's as I know they have to take alot of responsibility when they put their seal on that drawing. But if the PE made a mistake of saying he was better than the electrician, maybe he is not around to comment on the forum because he told the guys on the jobsite he was better. Ouch!!!