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#203300 - 09/20/11 04:54 PM Water heater in a garage  
Joe Tedesco  Offline
Member
Joined: Oct 2000
Posts: 2,749
Boston, Massachusetts USA
Question 1: Would you consider the garage in a residential building as a hazardous (classidied) location in accordance with Chapter 5, Article 501 in the NEC?

Question 2: Would you require a water heater with an electronic ignition control to be located 18" above the floor in that garage like a gas water?


Joe Tedesco, NEC Consultant

2017 / 2014 NEC & Related Books and Study Guides

#203301 - 09/20/11 05:34 PM Re: Water heater in a garage [Re: Joe Tedesco]  
HotLine1  Offline


Member
Joined: Apr 2002
Posts: 6,809
Brick, NJ USA
Joe:

#1: NO to 501; NO to 514

#2: Yes, but I cannot 'Require' this is as it is NOT NEC to the best of my knowledge.



John

#203302 - 09/20/11 05:52 PM Re: Water heater in a garage [Re: Joe Tedesco]  
gfretwell  Offline


Member
Joined: Jul 2004
Posts: 9,069
Estero,Fl,usa
Coastal Florida solves this problem with the FEMA flood plain codes wink

Water heaters, AC units and such are required to be above flood plain which usually gets them up a couple feet off the garage floor that is usually that far below the FF of the house. (typically a 4 course stem wall)


Greg Fretwell

#203303 - 09/20/11 09:04 PM Re: Water heater in a garage [Re: Joe Tedesco]  
HotLine1  Offline


Member
Joined: Apr 2002
Posts: 6,809
Brick, NJ USA
Greg:

The same applies to coastal NJ & flood plain areas for 'new' construction.

My WH is 20" up & so is the furnace. (By my choice)


John

#203304 - 09/20/11 10:04 PM Re: Water heater in a garage [Re: Joe Tedesco]  
gfretwell  Offline


Member
Joined: Jul 2004
Posts: 9,069
Estero,Fl,usa
Quote

The same applies to coastal NJ & flood plain areas for 'new' construction.


I guess it is a federal rule ... everywhere but New Orleans ... but I digress.


That would also apply to building a new garage here and there has been a discussion about replacements, particularly HVAC units. They are starting to make all of the HVAC condensers go up but I am not sure about water heaters. I doubt most electric units get permitted anyway.




Joe's question is interesting in the uplands tho. It appears the IRC would prohibit a gas water heater, dryer or whatever if the burner is below 18".
I imagine a lot of people get surprised when they get the report from the home inspector. (I imagine where Joe got this)


Greg Fretwell

#203306 - 09/20/11 10:56 PM Re: Water heater in a garage [Re: Joe Tedesco]  
KJay  Offline
Member
Joined: Nov 2007
Posts: 763
MA, USA
I would say no. Not that it would hurt anything to raise them up off the floor, but I think that the situation your descibing is the reason that all of the new gas water heaters have the FVIR "Flammable Vapor Ignition Resistant" design. I may be wrong, but I think itís been required since around 2003.

On a similar note, I have heard of some inspectors requiring the receptacle outlets in Resi garages to be located above 18-inches from the finished floor for that same reason though.


#203310 - 09/21/11 09:15 AM Re: Water heater in a garage [Re: Joe Tedesco]  
harold endean  Offline
Member
Joined: Feb 2002
Posts: 2,233
Boonton, NJ
I have seen where the building and plumbing inspectors require bollards in front of any mechanical appliance in the garage to protect it from being hit with the car.

Working in the trade years ago, we always treated the garage as hazardous for the first 24" AFF. Though it wasn't in the code book.


#203313 - 09/21/11 09:27 AM Re: Water heater in a garage [Re: harold endean]  
Joe Tedesco  Offline
Member
Joined: Oct 2000
Posts: 2,749
Boston, Massachusetts USA
Caper: I did as well, and I am sure that there are many jurisdictions around the country who have a rule in place that covers this. Article 511 covers commercial garages and is not to be considered here, I am talking about a residential garage. Let's spill gasoline on the garage floor in that, or any other garage, and see what could happen when a spark ignites the puddle!

The NEC is without a specific rule on this, but common sense and field experience by qualified persons, and those who understand electrical systems and inspections (not political hacks) must be considered.
yay


Joe Tedesco, NEC Consultant

#203316 - 09/21/11 09:46 AM Re: Water heater in a garage [Re: Joe Tedesco]  
HotLine1  Offline


Member
Joined: Apr 2002
Posts: 6,809
Brick, NJ USA
Joe:

You say..."The NEC is without a specific rule on this, but common sense and field experience by qualified persons, and those who understand electrical systems and inspections (not political hacks) must be considered."

I agree that 'common sense' should be considered...but it is not within Article 100!

I must also add that spilling gasoline anywhere and having an ignition source is a real danger, but the direct answer to your OP is as far as I can go within the limits of the NEC which is what I have to enforce, as adopted within the NJ Uniform Construction Code.

BTW, my garage has not had any vehicle inside in 10+ years; no lawnmowers, snow blowers, etc.



John

#203318 - 09/21/11 01:18 PM Re: Water heater in a garage [Re: Joe Tedesco]  
renosteinke  Offline
Cat Servant
Member
Joined: Jan 2005
Posts: 5,316
Blue Collar Country
Go here and spend $40: http://store.finehomebuilding.com/building-codes/code-check.html . It's not enough to just know the NEC. For half the price of an NEC, you get a lavishly illustrated 'Cliff's notes" to the basic codes.

Joe, do you really think you're the first to have concerns about water heaters in garages? I doubt it- since you hail from California, and they've been putting water heaters on pedestals for at least a quarter-century now.

The plumbing code addressed this issue long ago. Water heaters in carports and garages, or that draw their ventilation from them, need to either be on a pedestal, or be of a 'flammable vapor ignition resistant' design. FVIR. Easily found everywhere water heaters are sold - and at a nominal price difference. UL listed and all that stuff.

Oddly enough, I am dealing with this exact situation in my house. Since the place was built (1957) there have been many changes to the requirements for water heaters. Venting, drainage, mounting ... lots of changes. And, if the water heater is in a closet, no storage is allowed there.

No need to re-invent the wheel, and get all worked up about 'classified locations.' The plumbers got there first.


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