A few months ago I posted a comment on the MH site about GE transformers with fans. I was really surprised to see them when I pulled the front cover. Unfortunately I had stubbed the primary and secondary raceways up in the slab to enter the bottom of the transformer. This wasn’t going to work! Luckily this was only an issue for on of the 4 transformers on the project. My supplier had these transformers shipped directly from GE to the job site but they were willing to have MGM ship be a replacement and put the GE in their stock.
I talked to an engineer from MGM and was told that GE was using the fans to get the TP1 rating. He said that they opted to use a higher grade steel core for their tp1 units instead of fans. I’m not sold on the idea of using fans. You now have 6 fan motors that will eventually fail.
I also don’t care for the “smaller foot print” benefit. Its hard enough making up standard transformers. You also have very limited space for cable entry and exit.
[This message has been edited by caselec (edited 09-16-2006).]
Re: Fan Cooled? Who asked for it?#124324 09/16/0606:20 PM09/16/0606:20 PM
Second, I have to agree that the fans will become a maintenance issue for an otherwise 'maintenance free' item. (Excluding facilities that do PM)
I also take your side on the small footprint issue; good for a retrofit, not really 'good' for a new install. Seems like some of the mfg's have adopted an 'installer UNfriendly' attitude. The 'spaghetti' going to the fans is a distraction from your quality craftsmanship. Stay safe. John
Re: Fan Cooled? Who asked for it?#124325 09/16/0608:20 PM09/16/0608:20 PM
Fans required for full ratings on a relatively small xfmr .... BAD Shunt trip MCS ..... BAD I don't like it. Now you have to consider AIC ratings when installing the transformer itself, not the just the devices upstream and downstream. Now I have more non-adjustable protective devices to worry about when doing coordinations studies ..... BAD
The only fans that show up in my specs are very large pad mounted xfmrs that have dual ratings, in which most of the time the building will not reach the second rating anyhow.
[This message has been edited by Ron (edited 09-16-2006).]
Re: Fan Cooled? Who asked for it?#124326 09/16/0608:48 PM09/16/0608:48 PM
Nice neat work, Bob. I haven't done much work like this but I can appreciate the fine workmanship, right down to the same length of tape identifying the conductors.
I notice that the red, blue, and black legs on the secondary are grouped in 4, not 2. I was always under the impression that parallel installations were to be in groups in two. Could u tell me which NEC article permits this?
I'm not even going to get into the shunt trip, fan cooling discussion because that really exceeds my knowledge of transformers. But I appreciate the discussion.
Re: Fan Cooled? Who asked for it?#124327 09/16/0609:56 PM09/16/0609:56 PM
Shock, maybe one of the guys who knows the code better than I will correct me, but there has never been a code requirement for limiting paralleled conductors to 2. As long as you follow the ampacities in 310.16 and allow for derating as per 310.15(B)(2)(a) you can parallel as many conductors as you want. Heck you can even do them in groups of 3.
310.4 is the basic code for paralleling
392.8(D) gives the only place that limits the number of conductors. and this is only if you have A,B,C and a Neutral in the same conduit.
but then again, I tend to hide the code book more than look at it, so
Re: Fan Cooled? Who asked for it?#124328 09/17/0602:51 AM09/17/0602:51 AM
Beautifull job, well done. It is amazing how compact that 500 kVA transformer is.
The fans will give troubles in future and after a certain amount of hours will fail. It wouldn't be a bad idea to fit an hour meter on the latter to get an idea how many hours the fans are actually working.
Perhaps preventitative maintenance (replacement) can be carried out on the fans after a specific amount of hours quoted by the manufacturer, to prevent a trip on overtemperature at an inconvient time.
The product of rotation, excitation and flux produces electricty.
Re: Fan Cooled? Who asked for it?#124329 09/17/0609:51 AM09/17/0609:51 AM
Hello Bob This is a nice looking installation. I have seen more and more of these transformers lately.
I do have a question about the support of the conductors terminated on the lugs. Do you have any concern about the distance they are installed without any support before they terminate to the lugs. With the vibration created in transformers, and the weight of all of the conductors per terminal, I myself do see the possible need for a bracket... maybe? It is sometimes hard to judge the distance in the photos provided.
Is the empty EMT for the GEC?
[This message has been edited by PCBelarge (edited 09-17-2006).]