As an installer for security systems, CCTV included, this is more common than you think. I have never installed LV cables inside a lamp post myself but I have done plenty service calls where they run some THWN inside the pole up to an external transformer for the camera power and in the same pole run the coax and any communications to the camera. The right way to do it is to run the electric up the outside of the pole in conduit and the coax and data wires inside the pole, less conduit fill issues with THWN than four coax cables and a couple comm cables. I have also seen poles that had two raceways inside them, or a divider up the center to avoid these situations.
I just installed two video cameras on the top of light poles just like this one.
One was right next to the front door and we did not want to have exposed conduit on the pole because it looks too "industrial". So we put a box on the bottom of the pole, one at the top near the camera, and ran greenfield up the inside of the pole with a 90 on each end which terminated in the boxes.
The coax and LV went inside the greenfield.
On the other pole, out in the parking lot, we just ran PVC conduit up the outside.