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Overlamping and Energy Efficient Bulbs #74378 01/21/07 02:02 PM
Joined: Oct 2005
Posts: 100
J
JJM Offline OP
Member
I've had this nagging question which might sound stupid, but when a lighting fixture is rated for a given number of watts, does that take into account energy efficient bulbs?

For example, let's say you have a fixture that calls for 60W maximum bulbs. Is it acceptable to install one of those energy efficient bulbs that uses say 23W actual, but produces the equivelant of 100W of lighting? In other words, are you being limited by wattage or lighting output when a fixture calls for a given wattage? Is heat itself the issue, or is conductor size and material type the limiting factor with respect to fixture wattages... or both?

I can't seem to find anything code related in this area, and manufacturers don't seem to address it either.

So if a customer likes a certain light fixture that only uses maximum 60W bulbs, but it doesn't produce enough light for their tastes, can we sell them on using lower wattage, brighter energy efficient bulbs in the case?

This has been a nagging question everytime I see one of those stickers on fixtures.

Joe

Work Gear for Electricians and the Trades
Re: Overlamping and Energy Efficient Bulbs #74379 01/21/07 03:21 PM
Joined: Jan 2005
Posts: 5,316
renosteinke Offline
Cat Servant
Member
Absolutely. The watt limits are determined entirely by surface temperatures; a 40 watt compact fluorescent might give off as much light as a 150 watt incandescent, but won't get any hotter than a 60 watt incandescent.

However .....

The fixture often is made just large enough for a 60 watt bulb to be used, and even a small CFL will have trouble fitting in.

Likewise, the CFL's put out a fair amount of UV, which is what causes the troffer lenses to become yellow and brittle. A CFL in an ordinary fixture will have a similar effect on any plastic.

Re: Overlamping and Energy Efficient Bulbs #74380 01/21/07 03:22 PM
Joined: Jul 2004
Posts: 625
S
SolarPowered Offline
Member
All that matters is how much heat is produced, which in turn is how many watts it consumes.

Nobody cares how much darkness it consumes. [Linked Image]

Re: Overlamping and Energy Efficient Bulbs #74381 01/21/07 07:27 PM
Joined: Jul 2002
Posts: 8,379
Trumpy Offline
Member
Did you know that a standard frosted incandescent lamp only emits 6% of it's input power as usable light?.
The other 94% is heat.
With figures like this, it should be a criminal offence to operate them. [Linked Image]

Re: Overlamping and Energy Efficient Bulbs #74382 01/21/07 08:50 PM
Joined: Jul 2004
Posts: 9,569
G
gfretwell Offline
Member
LEDs are probably going to be the light of the future.


Greg Fretwell
Re: Overlamping and Energy Efficient Bulbs #74383 01/21/07 09:07 PM
Joined: Apr 2004
Posts: 810
Theelectrikid Offline
Member
Quote
LEDs are probably going to be the light of the future.

Drive down the road (or look in my upstairs window [Linked Image]) and you'll see that.

Ian A.


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Re: Overlamping and Energy Efficient Bulbs #74384 01/21/07 10:38 PM
Joined: Feb 2003
Posts: 288
Y
yaktx Offline
Member
Two things to remember re this.

1. The vast majority of compact fluorescents have like a 0.5 power factor, so multiply the watts by 2 to get VA. (Not that this matters for heat dissipation.)

2. If it is a recess can, you can't hurt the fixture any by overlamping, but the CF lamp may burn out prematurely. Incandescent lamps give out much of their heat as IR, but the heat from CFs is mostly conductive. The electronics in some CFs can't handle being bottled up in a recess can. And I don't know if there are any that can handle being enclosed in a shower trim.

Quote
LEDs are probably going to be the light of the future.

Maybe. The super-phenomenal efficiency that has been advertised for LEDs is based on comparing the output of 1-6 LEDs to very inefficient small incandescent lamps. As the lumens output increases, the efficiency advantage of LEDs decreases. It is practically impossible to beat LEDs for a task flashlight or nightlight, but scale it up to 900 lumens, and they are actually not much more efficient than an incandescent, and much more expensive. CF lamps are the most efficient for most applications.

My sister-in-law had a problem with her hair dryer tripping the breaker. Her condo was built about 1973. There was a 6-lamp fixture over the sink on the same 15A circuit. Since I had driven my car over there instead of my service truck, I just went to IKEA and bought 6 CF lamps for her. Problem solved.

And yes, I wholeheartedly endorse using CF lamps to sidestep the overlamping issue. I have mainly fluorescent in my own home, with a handful of halogens for task lighting.

Re: Overlamping and Energy Efficient Bulbs #74385 01/22/07 08:58 AM
Joined: May 2005
Posts: 984
G
ghost307 Offline
Member
I used to anger the GE gods when I worked there with my pronouncements that Thomas Edison didn't invent the incandescent light bulb, he invented an electric heater that lit up.


Ghost307
Re: Overlamping and Energy Efficient Bulbs #74386 01/22/07 11:39 AM
Joined: Mar 2005
Posts: 1,213
S
SteveFehr Offline
Member
I don't have heat yet in my addition, but simply turning on all the lights has kept it surprisingly warm! 1300W worth of bulbs will do that, though.

Re: Overlamping and Energy Efficient Bulbs #74387 01/22/07 12:54 PM
Joined: Jul 2004
Posts: 9,569
G
gfretwell Offline
Member
If you are putting a CF in a can you should be using the reflector style. They are designed to radiate the heat down and out of the can. (like the incandecent).
I have heard arguments that the regular spiral CF should never be mounted base up.


Greg Fretwell
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