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#74378 - 01/21/07 02:02 PM Overlamping and Energy Efficient Bulbs  
JJM  Offline
Joined: Oct 2005
Posts: 100
I've had this nagging question which might sound stupid, but when a lighting fixture is rated for a given number of watts, does that take into account energy efficient bulbs?

For example, let's say you have a fixture that calls for 60W maximum bulbs. Is it acceptable to install one of those energy efficient bulbs that uses say 23W actual, but produces the equivelant of 100W of lighting? In other words, are you being limited by wattage or lighting output when a fixture calls for a given wattage? Is heat itself the issue, or is conductor size and material type the limiting factor with respect to fixture wattages... or both?

I can't seem to find anything code related in this area, and manufacturers don't seem to address it either.

So if a customer likes a certain light fixture that only uses maximum 60W bulbs, but it doesn't produce enough light for their tastes, can we sell them on using lower wattage, brighter energy efficient bulbs in the case?

This has been a nagging question everytime I see one of those stickers on fixtures.


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#74379 - 01/21/07 03:21 PM Re: Overlamping and Energy Efficient Bulbs  
renosteinke  Offline
Cat Servant
Joined: Jan 2005
Posts: 5,316
Blue Collar Country
Absolutely. The watt limits are determined entirely by surface temperatures; a 40 watt compact fluorescent might give off as much light as a 150 watt incandescent, but won't get any hotter than a 60 watt incandescent.

However .....

The fixture often is made just large enough for a 60 watt bulb to be used, and even a small CFL will have trouble fitting in.

Likewise, the CFL's put out a fair amount of UV, which is what causes the troffer lenses to become yellow and brittle. A CFL in an ordinary fixture will have a similar effect on any plastic.

#74380 - 01/21/07 03:22 PM Re: Overlamping and Energy Efficient Bulbs  
SolarPowered  Offline
Joined: Jul 2004
Posts: 625
Palo Alto, CA, USA
All that matters is how much heat is produced, which in turn is how many watts it consumes.

Nobody cares how much darkness it consumes. [Linked Image]

#74381 - 01/21/07 07:27 PM Re: Overlamping and Energy Efficient Bulbs  
Trumpy  Offline

Joined: Jul 2002
Posts: 8,223
SI,New Zealand
Did you know that a standard frosted incandescent lamp only emits 6% of it's input power as usable light?.
The other 94% is heat.
With figures like this, it should be a criminal offence to operate them. [Linked Image]

#74382 - 01/21/07 08:50 PM Re: Overlamping and Energy Efficient Bulbs  
gfretwell  Offline

Joined: Jul 2004
Posts: 9,140
LEDs are probably going to be the light of the future.

Greg Fretwell

#74383 - 01/21/07 09:07 PM Re: Overlamping and Energy Efficient Bulbs  
Theelectrikid  Offline
Joined: Apr 2004
Posts: 810
Levittown, PA
LEDs are probably going to be the light of the future.

Drive down the road (or look in my upstairs window [Linked Image]) and you'll see that.

Ian A.

Is there anyone on board who knows how to fly a plane?

#74384 - 01/21/07 10:38 PM Re: Overlamping and Energy Efficient Bulbs  
yaktx  Offline
Joined: Feb 2003
Posts: 288
Austin, Texas, USA
Two things to remember re this.

1. The vast majority of compact fluorescents have like a 0.5 power factor, so multiply the watts by 2 to get VA. (Not that this matters for heat dissipation.)

2. If it is a recess can, you can't hurt the fixture any by overlamping, but the CF lamp may burn out prematurely. Incandescent lamps give out much of their heat as IR, but the heat from CFs is mostly conductive. The electronics in some CFs can't handle being bottled up in a recess can. And I don't know if there are any that can handle being enclosed in a shower trim.

LEDs are probably going to be the light of the future.

Maybe. The super-phenomenal efficiency that has been advertised for LEDs is based on comparing the output of 1-6 LEDs to very inefficient small incandescent lamps. As the lumens output increases, the efficiency advantage of LEDs decreases. It is practically impossible to beat LEDs for a task flashlight or nightlight, but scale it up to 900 lumens, and they are actually not much more efficient than an incandescent, and much more expensive. CF lamps are the most efficient for most applications.

My sister-in-law had a problem with her hair dryer tripping the breaker. Her condo was built about 1973. There was a 6-lamp fixture over the sink on the same 15A circuit. Since I had driven my car over there instead of my service truck, I just went to IKEA and bought 6 CF lamps for her. Problem solved.

And yes, I wholeheartedly endorse using CF lamps to sidestep the overlamping issue. I have mainly fluorescent in my own home, with a handful of halogens for task lighting.

#74385 - 01/22/07 08:58 AM Re: Overlamping and Energy Efficient Bulbs  
ghost307  Offline
Joined: May 2005
Posts: 919
Chicago Illinois USA
I used to anger the GE gods when I worked there with my pronouncements that Thomas Edison didn't invent the incandescent light bulb, he invented an electric heater that lit up.


#74386 - 01/22/07 11:39 AM Re: Overlamping and Energy Efficient Bulbs  
SteveFehr  Offline
Joined: Mar 2005
Posts: 1,213
Chesapeake, VA
I don't have heat yet in my addition, but simply turning on all the lights has kept it surprisingly warm! 1300W worth of bulbs will do that, though.

#74387 - 01/22/07 12:54 PM Re: Overlamping and Energy Efficient Bulbs  
gfretwell  Offline

Joined: Jul 2004
Posts: 9,140
If you are putting a CF in a can you should be using the reflector style. They are designed to radiate the heat down and out of the can. (like the incandecent).
I have heard arguments that the regular spiral CF should never be mounted base up.

Greg Fretwell

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