110.2 says that about "conductors and equipment" and it is the AHJ that "approves" things. They just use listing as a tool to ease the approval process.
I am still not sure lube or paste is "equipment".
That brings you back to 110.14 where it says things like this should be "suitable".
Materials such as solder, fluxes, inhibitors, and compounds, where employed, shall be suitable for the use and shall be of a type that will not adversely affect the conductors, installation, or equipment.
The NRTL label is a good indicator but I am not sure how you enforce it.