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#119389 12/24/04 04:06 PM
Joined: Jan 2003
Posts: 4,391
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iwire Offline OP
Moderator
If you read this post
https://www.electrical-contractor.net/ubb/Forum1/HTML/005239.html

you know the company I work for has a large super market chain for a customer.

Here is another of their locations that had an outage.

I was not involved with this one, I don't know where I was while this was being repaired.

[Linked Image]

[Linked Image]

[Linked Image]

[Linked Image]

[Linked Image]

[Linked Image]

I am told the high voltage cut out did not open until the oil in the transformer was boiling and the primary's shorted.

Some of the guys on this repair got to see a security tape of the sparks blasting out of the pipe until the power failed.

Bob


Bob Badger
Construction & Maintenance Electrician
Massachusetts
Joined: Jun 2004
Posts: 206
C
Member
What a long day that repair turned out to be. The temp generator was installed on Sunday. On Monday we started at 6:00 am and left for home at midnight with the store back on normal power.
The security tape iwire talks about was incredible. The sparks shot 75 feet from the conduits out to the street. The tape lasted 1 1/2 minutes before the power went out.

Joined: Oct 2004
Posts: 806
Member
Wow!! Incredible pics!! I sure wouldn't have wanted to be in those houses across the street! (On the other hand, it would've made for an exciting light show.) [Linked Image]

Luckily that padmount shorted and took the HV fuses before it exploded too. What a mess that would have been on top of this.

Any info on what caused the initial fault?

And any chance that video can be encoded and put online? Might make for a good safety discussion.


Stupid should be painful.
Joined: Dec 2000
Posts: 4,287
Member
Wow!
That burnt up like it was tinfoil. [Linked Image]
Must have been spectacular.

Joined: Oct 2003
Posts: 289
:
Member
What caused the short circuit on these wires in the conduit/box?

Joined: Jan 2003
Posts: 4,391
I
iwire Offline OP
Moderator
We do not know the cause here, once our guys get there the cause is unimportant, they just start ripping the old out and replacing it.

The utility had to change the pad mount and our guys had to replace the conduit and conductors.

The conductors go a bit inside as well the electric room is the penthouse you can see in the photos, the conduits go in to the bottom of the gear in the penthouse.


Bob Badger
Construction & Maintenance Electrician
Massachusetts
Joined: Feb 2002
Posts: 840
C
Member
Quote
I am told the high voltage cut out did not open until the oil in the transformer was boiling and the primary's shorted.

Bob, I take it these are service conductors?

This looks like a perfect illustration of the reason that <1000 amp WYE services require GFPE!


Peter
Joined: Jan 2003
Posts: 4,391
I
iwire Offline OP
Moderator
Yes these where service conductors and yes once inside they hit a 1,600 amp main with GFP protection.

I think it is a good illustration of why the service disconnect is required to be located "nearest the point of entrance"

In this case there is I would guess 10' to 15' of service conductors inside before they reach the service disconnect.

It is a good thing the fault did not happen on the inside portion.

This service is 480Y/277 1,600 amp fed with 4 sets of 600 kcmil CU in 4" RMC.


Bob Badger
Construction & Maintenance Electrician
Massachusetts
Joined: Oct 2004
Posts: 806
Member
Quote
This looks like a perfect illustration of the reason that <1000 amp WYE services require GFPE!

In this case, wouldn't the GFPE be located in the building's switchgear? Since these appear to be the service conductors the GFPE wouldn't help. [Linked Image] [Edit: Iwire's post went in as I was typing this [Linked Image]]

Something on the idea of a cable limiter that utilities use would do the trick. It would have been located at or in the padmount.

Originally I was going to remark that better fuse coordination by the utility would have limited the damage, but it's possible that depending on the primary connection the fault current seen by the primary wasn't high enough to open the fuses at the start of this fault. (Thinking delta/Wye).....
Quote
We do not know the cause here, once our guys get there the cause is unimportant, they just start ripping the old out and replacing it.
Please do not take this the wrong way, I mean no offence here, [Linked Image] but if something like this happened to any installation or repair I was involved with, I would certainly want to know what caused it! [Linked Image]

[This message has been edited by mxslick (edited 12-25-2004).]

[This message has been edited by mxslick (edited 12-25-2004).]


Stupid should be painful.
Joined: Jan 2003
Posts: 4,391
I
iwire Offline OP
Moderator
No offense taken. [Linked Image]

The customer does not care what happened at first, they average about $1,000,000 per week gross at each location. That is a little under $150,000 per day. What they do care about is the power is restored immediately.

Once they are back on line then they want to know what happened, then any clues are in the dumpster or scrap yard.

Yes the generator we bring in allows them to open for business. The generator burns 75 to 100 gallons per hour or about $3,600 per day plus rental costs.

In a case as bad as this it really does not matter what happened all the damaged equipment is replaced.

As far as power company fuse coordination it is not possible to fuse the primary side of the transformer in a way that will protect one set of parallel conductors.

Individual cable limiters would be an option I guess, but I have never seen that done.

Bob


Bob Badger
Construction & Maintenance Electrician
Massachusetts
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