Depending on what type of "Low Voltage" wiring you are talking about. If it's Class 2 wiring for instance like for a furnace thermostat, my answer is yes, it requires a licensed electrician to install the wiring. If it's communication wiring then they are exempt from licensure in the State of Michigan per Public Act 217- 338.887 Sec. 7(o). In both cases, the wiring is required to be inspected (hence a permit) per Michigan Electrical Code 80.19.
There is sometimes a snag in issuing a permit to an unlicensed person and this is being addressed at a State level for the '05 Michigan Electrical Code.