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#87235 - 02/04/04 07:37 PM 2 wire travelers, again
RickG Offline
Member
Registered: 07/04/01
Posts: 37
Loc: South County, R.I. USA
Gretings
I am sure we have discussed this before...
I am of the opinion that 2 wire NM travelers for 3way & 4 way switching are not allowed by the NEC. I am hanging my hat on 300.3B. However, could 300.3B3 allow the use of 2 wire NM cable for 3 way systems? If so, was this a change from previous codes?
I have a contractor that did all 3 & 4 ways with 14-2 NM travelers. I red tagged citing 300.3B. I expect him to contest this, and he probably will argue that 300.3B3 allows this method. I do not believe that it does allow this, just looking for opinions/ reinforcement. I do not want to have him change this if somehow it meets minimum code.
Thanks
Rick
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#87236 - 02/05/04 03:57 AM Re: 2 wire travelers, again
pauluk Offline
Member
Registered: 08/11/01
Posts: 7693
Loc: Norfolk, England
I see that 300.3(B)(3) refers to 300.20(B). Is the contractor going to claim that the latter rule allows this, so long as he has taken the necessary steps to reduce eddy currents?

Is it even practical to cut slots or otherwise modify a box where NM cable clamps are used?
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#87237 - 02/05/04 12:00 PM Re: 2 wire travelers, again
RickG Offline
Member
Registered: 07/04/01
Posts: 37
Loc: South County, R.I. USA
Pauluk
Contractor is using plastic boxes.
Waddya think?
Rick
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#87238 - 02/05/04 12:34 PM Re: 2 wire travelers, again
iwire Offline
Moderator
Registered: 01/05/03
Posts: 4343
Loc: North Attleboro, MA USA
I would not do this but I do believe it is allowed.

I think you will have to live with it.
_________________________
Bob Badger
Construction & Maintenance Electrician
Massachusetts
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#87239 - 02/06/04 05:18 AM Re: 2 wire travelers, again
RickG Offline
Member
Registered: 07/04/01
Posts: 37
Loc: South County, R.I. USA
300.3B states all conductors to be in the same cable, unless otherwise permitted by 300.3B 1-4. 90.5B (permissive rules) need the use of the twerms "shall be permitted", & "shall nmot be required". I do not see where this is specifically permitted.
Rick
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#87240 - 02/06/04 08:18 AM Re: 2 wire travelers, again
resqcapt19 Offline
Member
Registered: 11/10/00
Posts: 2209
Loc: IL
Rick,
300.3(B)(3) is the specific permission. With nonmetallic raceways or cables all of the circuit conductors are not required to be in the same raceway or cable as long as 300.20 is complied with for metallic boxes. There are no metallic boxes in this installation so there is no violation.
Don
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Don(resqcapt19)
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#87241 - 02/06/04 09:49 AM Re: 2 wire travelers, again
Roger Offline
Member
Registered: 05/18/02
Posts: 1779
Loc: N.C.
Rick, even though this is code compliant, you should mention to the electrician the "net current" and EMF issues that would be associated with this wiring method.

Tell him that even though the research is not conclusive at this time, EMF is suspect by some to be a contributor in leukemia in children and let his conscience tell him what to do.

Roger
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#87242 - 02/08/04 05:29 AM Re: 2 wire travelers, again
earlydean Offline
Member
Registered: 12/22/03
Posts: 749
Loc: Griswold, CT, USA
Assuming all cables for the run are in very close proximity to one another between plastic boxes, IMO there are no concerns about eddy currents or EMF. The intent of requiring all conductors to be together is to eliminate the EMF, this is met by running both cables side-by-side between boxes. What difference is there in this from running four conductors and a ground in PVC?

Earl
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Earl
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#87243 - 02/08/04 05:41 AM Re: 2 wire travelers, again
iwire Offline
Moderator
Registered: 01/05/03
Posts: 4343
Loc: North Attleboro, MA USA
Earl, for two wire travelers it is not possible to do what you suggest.

The neutral must have stayed at the fixture, feed the three ways at one end and from the other end back to the fixture.
_________________________
Bob Badger
Construction & Maintenance Electrician
Massachusetts
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#87244 - 02/08/04 06:55 AM Re: 2 wire travelers, again
Roger Offline
Member
Registered: 05/18/02
Posts: 1779
Loc: N.C.
Earl, as as Bob said, it would be unlikely that one set of two wire travelers would be running along side of current canceling conductors of which would pass by the end three way box.

If this was the case I agree that there would be no issue, but I just don't see where it would exist.

Roger
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