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#81737 - 09/16/02 12:07 AM Subpanel grounding/grounded  
Sean WB  Offline
Member
Joined: Sep 2002
Posts: 111
South TX
If you are feeding a subpanel(50-125 amp) from a main service panel(200 amp) , do you need to have 4 wires to the sub panel? The grounding and grounded conductors are terminated at same place (theoretically) in the sub panel. therefore you would need to use the supplied "bonding" screw (green).right?
Please clear this up for me, as I have heard /seen many different methods on this. I have installed may subpanels with 3 wires and I REALLY want to know if I am doing this wrong.


I did not get as think so badly as you shocked I did.

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#81738 - 09/16/02 12:38 AM Re: Subpanel grounding/grounded  
sparky66wv  Offline
Member
Joined: Nov 2000
Posts: 2,232
West Virginia
If you are feeding a subpanel(50-125 amp) from a main service panel(200 amp) , do you need to have 4 wires to the sub panel?

Yes

The grounding and grounded conductors are terminated at same place (theoretically) in the sub panel...

No. They are in the disconnect or main load center, whichever is first in line from the meterbase.

therefore you would need to use the supplied "bonding" screw (green).right?

No, not it the sub-panel, but in the first panel in line from the meterbase.

Note: You will need to aquire an equipment ground bus bar for your sub-panel.

Also note: You also must size the sub-feeder conductors according to Table 310.16, for 310.15(B)(6) is for "...conductors that serve as the main power feeder to a dwelling..."

[This message has been edited by sparky66wv (edited 09-16-2002).]


-Virgil
Residential/Commercial Inspector
5 Star Inspections
Member IAEI

#81739 - 09/16/02 01:02 AM Re: Subpanel grounding/grounded  
Sean WB  Offline
Member
Joined: Sep 2002
Posts: 111
South TX
so in the SP , you would need a ground bar? and it must not be elctrically continuous to the neutral bar?


I did not get as think so badly as you shocked I did.

#81740 - 09/16/02 01:08 AM Re: Subpanel grounding/grounded  
sparky66wv  Offline
Member
Joined: Nov 2000
Posts: 2,232
West Virginia
It definitely is not bonded in any way to the neutral bar (except via the EGC subfeeder back to the main disco or panel, then through the bond to the grounded conductor then back to the sub panel).

No bond screw or bonding jumper in the sub-panel at all. To do otherwise would create a parallel path for the neutral current.


-Virgil
Residential/Commercial Inspector
5 Star Inspections
Member IAEI

#81741 - 09/16/02 01:18 AM Re: Subpanel grounding/grounded  
Sean WB  Offline
Member
Joined: Sep 2002
Posts: 111
South TX
ok , Thank you for the plain english. So, it is continuous , but at the main panel? ground/neutral bar at sub are seperate, but bonded at main?


I did not get as think so badly as you shocked I did.

#81742 - 09/16/02 02:01 AM Re: Subpanel grounding/grounded  
sparky66wv  Offline
Member
Joined: Nov 2000
Posts: 2,232
West Virginia
Yep, you got it!

[Linked Image]


-Virgil
Residential/Commercial Inspector
5 Star Inspections
Member IAEI

#81743 - 09/16/02 02:13 AM Re: Subpanel grounding/grounded  
Sean WB  Offline
Member
Joined: Sep 2002
Posts: 111
South TX
Thank You very much you may be able to help a little situation I have here on this post http://electrical-contractor.net/ubb/Forum7/HTML/000185.html


I did not get as think so badly as you shocked I did.

#81744 - 09/16/02 07:19 AM Re: Subpanel grounding/grounded  
danger  Offline
Junior Member
Joined: Aug 2002
Posts: 4
canisteo, ny, usa
definately a neutral problem, i've seen this scenario many times.


#81745 - 09/16/02 10:33 AM Re: Subpanel grounding/grounded  
Sean WB  Offline
Member
Joined: Sep 2002
Posts: 111
South TX
A neutral from main to sub? or in the building? Im going out there right now.


I did not get as think so badly as you shocked I did.

#81746 - 09/16/02 04:47 PM Re: Subpanel grounding/grounded  
Sean WB  Offline
Member
Joined: Sep 2002
Posts: 111
South TX
turns out they kernied the neutral at service drop for the barn.there are three weather heads on the pole and it looks like a birds nest up there.I continued to have same problems today, so I am going to run a new underground service tomorrow for the barn and discontinue the overhead service.
Its either an insulation breakdown in the ungrounded conductors feeding the barn (which are 30+ years old) or I have lost a neutral at the bird nest.
Either way, this was definitely a learning experience.
I need to invest in a megger, whats a good name to get ??


I did not get as think so badly as you shocked I did.

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