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#35665 - 03/19/04 12:09 AM bonding the neutral
rizer Offline
Member
Registered: 01/03/04
Posts: 91
Loc: bradenton ,fl.,usa
you have a transformer inside the blding and you create a separately derived system(480-208 step down ) you run the ground wire from the primary and secondary to the chassi and the bonding elecrode from the xo to the chassi and on to blding steel. do you bond the neutral to the can at the first means of disconnect. if so, doesnt this create 2 paths to ground?
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#35666 - 03/19/04 01:36 AM Re: bonding the neutral
iwire Offline
Moderator
Registered: 01/05/03
Posts: 4391
Loc: North Attleboro, MA USA
The code allows a few options here.

Bond at the Transformer
or
Bond at the first panel/disconnect


Part of 250.30(A)(1)
Quote:
this connection shall be made at any point on the separately derived system from the source to the first system disconnecting means or overcurrent device,


or

Bond at both places if this will not create a parallel path.

Part of Exception 1 to 250.30(A)(1)
Quote:
A bonding jumper at both the source and the first disconnecting means shall be permitted where doing so does not establish a parallel path for the grounded circuit conductor.


From your description you will have a parallel path (the grounding conductor and maybe the raceways) if you bond at both.

I bond at the transformer and never again, it is a policy of the company I work for.

Bob

[This message has been edited by iwire (edited 03-19-2004).]
_________________________
Bob Badger
Construction & Maintenance Electrician
Massachusetts
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#35667 - 03/19/04 03:56 AM Re: bonding the neutral
rizer Offline
Member
Registered: 01/03/04
Posts: 91
Loc: bradenton ,fl.,usa
even if i use a plastic raceway dont i still have a parallel path ?
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#35668 - 03/19/04 08:49 AM Re: bonding the neutral
earlydean Offline
Member
Registered: 12/22/03
Posts: 751
Loc: Griswold, CT, USA
Exactly, that's why I bond only at the Tformer, and have an insulated neutral bus at the 208 volt panel.
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Earl
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#35669 - 03/19/04 12:29 PM Re: bonding the neutral
iwire Offline
Moderator
Registered: 01/05/03
Posts: 4391
Loc: North Attleboro, MA USA
I can not think of any normal installation that the exception would apply to.

Like I said I do my bonding in the transformer only, I was just trying to give you all the allowable options.
_________________________
Bob Badger
Construction & Maintenance Electrician
Massachusetts
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#35670 - 03/19/04 01:35 PM Re: bonding the neutral
Roger Offline
Member
Registered: 05/18/02
Posts: 1716
Loc: N.C.
Rizer,
Quote:
even if i use a plastic raceway dont i still have a parallel path?
only if the first means of disconnect is mounted on a conductive material common to the Transformer or Grounding Electrode.

Roger
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#35671 - 03/19/04 01:45 PM Re: bonding the neutral
iwire Offline
Moderator
Registered: 01/05/03
Posts: 4391
Loc: North Attleboro, MA USA
Roger Even with plastic raceways I still see the EGC and GEC as parallel paths to the grounded conductor.

How would you avoid this?

Bob
_________________________
Bob Badger
Construction & Maintenance Electrician
Massachusetts
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#35672 - 03/19/04 02:54 PM Re: bonding the neutral
rizer Offline
Member
Registered: 01/03/04
Posts: 91
Loc: bradenton ,fl.,usa
i agree that you are creating a parallel path to ground. this was explained to me many years ago by an inspector who stated you can bond it at the xfmr or the first means of disc but not both. none the less my boss insists he has " done it that way all (his) life". he then tried to find it in one of his electrical books and after 5 minutes said " it won't make any difference so do it my way".
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#35673 - 03/19/04 04:03 PM Re: bonding the neutral
Roger Offline
Member
Registered: 05/18/02
Posts: 1716
Loc: N.C.
Bob and Rizer, maybe I'm not understanding the discription of what's being done here.

What I'm talking about would be the diagram on the left below.



even bonded at both locations there would only be one path for the load to return to the source.

Roger
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#35674 - 03/19/04 08:10 PM Re: bonding the neutral
rizer Offline
Member
Registered: 01/03/04
Posts: 91
Loc: bradenton ,fl.,usa
maybe ive been told incorrectly but i was told that the ground wire from the service is connected to the chassie not the xo. and that the bonding electode should be grounded to the chassie on its way to the xo. i would think a ground fault could travel back to your bonding electode via the neutral or the ground wire thereby having 2 paths to ground.
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