The key words are "where branch-circuit wiring is modified, replaced, or extended"
Is simply replacing a receptacle modifying the "wiring"?
Of course when the mysterious device AFCI shows up at the supply house, this is easy to answer ... assuming it is a kind that also has 5ma GF protection.
This is one of those places where the unintended consequences may be worse than the intent. If you can't use a $10 GFCI device, it may end up being replaced with a 40 cent duplex.