#150972 - 03/12/06 02:59 PM
Re: Safety with Lasers?
Loc: North Attleboro, MA USA
OSHA (Occupational Safety & Health Administration) covers constrution workers and most other employees in the US.
Here is a few of their standards in regards to lasers. It is intresting to note that all lasers are treated eqully by OSHA.
Only qualified and trained employees shall be assigned to install, adjust, and operate laser equipment.
Proof of qualification of the laser equipment operator shall be available and in possession of the operator at all times.
Employees, when working in areas in which a potential exposure to direct or reflected laser light greater than 0.005 watts (5 milliwatts) exists, shall be provided with antilaser eye protection devices as specified in Subpart E of this part.
Areas in which lasers are used shall be posted with standard laser warning placards.
Beam shutters or caps shall be utilized, or the laser turned off, when laser transmission is not actually required. When the laser is left unattended for a substantial period of time, such as during lunch hour, overnight, or at change of shifts, the laser shall be turned off.
Only mechanical or electronic means shall be used as a detector for guiding the internal alignment of the laser.
The laser beam shall not be directed at employees.
When it is raining or snowing, or when there is dust or fog in the air, the operation of laser systems shall be prohibited where practicable; in any event, employees shall be kept out of range of the area of source and target during such weather conditions.
Laser equipment shall bear a label to indicate maximum output.
Employees shall not be exposed to light intensities above:
Direct staring: 1 micro-watt per square centimeter;
Incidental observing: 1 milliwatt per square centimeter;
Diffused reflected light: 2 1/2 watts per square centimeter.
Laser unit in operation should be set up above the heads of the employees, when possible.
Employees shall not be exposed to microwave power densities in excess of 10 milliwatts per square centimeter.
Here is the most recent OSHA Standard Interpretation referencing 1926.54.
07/12/1993 - Class I lasers.
Standard Interpretations - Table of Contents
â€¢ Standard Number: 1926.54
July 12, 1993
Mr. Roy O'Connor
National Sales Manager
Topcon America Corporation
65 West Century Road
Paramus, NJ 07652
Dear Mr. O'Connor:
This is in response to your May 27 letter requesting a letter of interpretation of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations addressing class I lasers. I apologize for the delay in responding to your request.
Although the degree of hazard associated with low power lasers used in the construction industry is relatively low and Class I lasers are typically not hazardous, the OSHA construction industry standard for lasers at 29 CFR 1926.54 does not differentiate with respect to class of lasers and, thus, all lasers are covered by the standard. However, except for violations based on 1926.54(j), violations of 1926.54, in the case of the Class I lasers, are regarded by OSHA as "de minimis" which means there will be no citations, no penalty, and no abatement date issued for these violations found during an inspection. However, the specific exposure limits of paragraph (j) of the OSHA standard do not depend on the laser's class and will continue to have full effect. Consequently, if a violation of paragraph (j) is found, then the de minimis policy no longer applies and all other provisions of 1926.54 may be cited and penalties and abatement dates may be issued.
If you have any further questions, contact me or Mr. Dale R. Cavanaugh of my staff at (202) 219-8136.
Roy F. Gurnham, P.E., Esq. Director
Office of Construction and Maritime
Construction & Maintenance Electrician