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#139907 - 01/03/04 05:09 AM List of american plug systems
:andy: Offline
Member

Registered: 10/18/03
Posts: 272
Loc: Germany
I know the 15/20A 2+E standard plugs, and i've seen several more bigger ones. is there a web page or does somebody have an image of the bigger systems with some details?


If wanted, i can get up some pictures of our 3L+N+E plug system "CEE" (aka cekon).

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#139908 - 01/03/04 08:19 AM Re: List of american plug systems
C-H Offline

Member

Registered: 09/17/02
Posts: 1508
Loc: Stockholm, Sweden

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#139909 - 01/03/04 08:32 AM Re: List of american plug systems
:andy: Offline
Member

Registered: 10/18/03
Posts: 272
Loc: Germany
whow!
does anyone look through this?
why so many?

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#139910 - 01/03/04 08:53 AM Re: List of american plug systems
classicsat Offline
Member

Registered: 11/23/02
Posts: 449
To distinct between all the formats.

IMO, they could have made some configurations backwared compatible, like the French 3P+N+E
20A plug in another thread, so you an attach certain applianced in a "universal" outlet,
and have "universal" Plugs. I know for a fact
though, that Eagle Cooper sells a multi-spec plug (has removable prongs), that can do at least NEMA 5-50, 6-30, and 6-50

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#139911 - 01/03/04 09:48 AM Re: List of american plug systems
C-H Offline

Member

Registered: 09/17/02
Posts: 1508
Loc: Stockholm, Sweden
Andy,

there are equally many versions of the CEE plugs. Most of them you never see.

It's pretty easy to see why: 4 sizes (16, 32, 63, 125) and three different number of pins (3, 4, 5) and twelve different voltage/frequency configurations for each. This sums up to 144 different plugs. Of course, many of these have no specified use and are not manufactured.

There was a thread on this last year:
http://electrical-contractor.net/ubb/Forum9/HTML/000127.html

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#139912 - 01/03/04 01:36 PM Re: List of american plug systems
:andy: Offline
Member

Registered: 10/18/03
Posts: 272
Loc: Germany
i knew about the lot of the cee plugs, but most of them are uncommon.

Common are mainly the 2+E blue one for 230V 16A heavy industrial equipment, camping sites etc. and the 3+N+E red one in 16, 32 or 63A for nearly all 3Ph Appliances, building site panels ect.

I havent seen any 3ph+E without neutral cee's. There are some but i cant figure out where to use them right now. When we power a 3PH delta motor, we always use the 3LNE system and leave the N unconnected.


Wjich ones are the most common US plugs out of all of these?

[This message has been edited by :andy: (edited 01-03-2004).]

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#139913 - 01/03/04 02:24 PM Re: List of american plug systems
Hutch Offline
Member

Registered: 05/27/02
Posts: 383
Loc: South Oxfordshire, UK
Most common receptacle - domestic

5-15 General purpose (mostly duplex; one over the other)
1-15 Obsolete but common on old properties
5-20 Mainly dedicated equipment (mostly single; furnace, pump etc)
6-20 Workshop; air conditioners *
10-30 Dryer (old)
10-50 Stove (old)
14-30 Dryer (new)
14-50 Stove (new)
rare are 6-30 and 6-50 for welding machines

Most common plug – domestic

1-15 Most equipment is class2 (including metal jacketed toasters!)
5-15 Class 1
6-15 240V stuff *
then as above

Note that the connectors for 30A and above are about 1.5 times the size of those 20A and below so what appear to be similar geometries are not. Most installations have the ground pin at the bottom – a source of passionate debate on the other forum.

Bjarney et al. may be able to enlighten you on the industrial side.

* I'm using a personal based example and normally these would be only slightly more common than the welders


[This message has been edited by Hutch (edited 01-03-2004).]

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#139914 - 01/03/04 07:12 PM Re: List of american plug systems
Bjarney Offline
Moderator

Registered: 04/10/02
Posts: 2561
Loc: West-Southern Inner-Northeast ...
There are a few typos in the Quail chart: “30 250V” “30 120/208V” should read 3ø 250V 3ø 120/208V, but are close to obsolete for lack of a grounding pin. OTOH, there is a completely different set of US/NEMA locking wiring devices, that are a bit more common in commercial/industrial applications. Also, I have seen in places like McDonald’s [cardboard] Hamburgers—rugged, often “washdown duty,” circuit-interrupting pin-and-sleeve devices, that fit the IEC309 series 2 dimensions.

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#139915 - 01/06/04 02:28 AM Re: List of american plug systems
pauluk Offline
Member

Registered: 08/11/01
Posts: 7693
Loc: Norfolk, England
One thing I like about the NEMA 15 and 20A configurations is th neat way they allow acceptable mating combinations and restrict others.

For example, the 5-15 receptacle will accept either a 1-15 or a 5-15 plug, and a 15A plug will also fit a 20A outlet but not vice versa.

The old British (BS546) connectors had no such compatibility: A 2-pin, non-grounding 5A plug would not fit a 3-pin grounding 5A socket due to different spacing (the shutters being another problem).

Here is a chart of NEMA locking devices.

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#139916 - 01/06/04 04:28 AM Re: List of american plug systems
:andy: Offline
Member

Registered: 10/18/03
Posts: 272
Loc: Germany
 Quote:
and a 15A plug will also fit a 20A outlet


but the cable onthe 15A plug then is not properly protected anymore
or are these made for 20A?

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