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#129028 - 07/02/04 03:36 PM Lightning problem
ayrton Offline
Member

Registered: 12/21/01
Posts: 205
Loc: Pa
Township building called. Been having problems with computers and equipment blowing out during thunder storms. They have just been replacing the equipment.
Checked the service today, and they have a ground rod, two as a matter of fact. only about six inches apart though, in the building driven through the concrete floor.
Need some advice and ideas how we can possibly do anything for them.
Police station is also in the building and there equip damaged as well.

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#129029 - 07/02/04 03:37 PM Re: Lightning problem
ayrton Offline
Member

Registered: 12/21/01
Posts: 205
Loc: Pa
This kind of backs up my thoery that ground rods dont do ****

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#129030 - 07/02/04 07:48 PM Re: Lightning problem
Ron Offline
Member

Registered: 03/13/02
Posts: 577
Loc: White Plains, NY
Lots of possibilities.
Ensure good grounding electrode system (it does help with lightning). Provide multi levels of TVSS throughout the building of appropriate ratings. Provide a UL Master Label lightning protection system on the structure.
_________________________
Ron

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#129031 - 07/02/04 08:06 PM Re: Lightning problem
ayrton Offline
Member

Registered: 12/21/01
Posts: 205
Loc: Pa
TVSS?

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#129032 - 07/02/04 08:18 PM Re: Lightning problem
Bjarney Offline
Moderator

Registered: 04/10/02
Posts: 2561
Loc: West-Southern Inner-Northeast ...
No offense is meant, but be cautious about statements on grounding-electrode quality based on anecdotal opinion. Lighting damage is partially a statistical issue. Sometimes close-in hits cannot be defended with any amount of protection.

Does the building have an NFPA-780 system in place? What kind of surge protection is installed at the building electric-service entrance and telephone-cable entrance? Is the AC-power system, telephone-entrance protector, metal piping, lightning protection and foundation steel interconnected with low-reactance conductors? Bonding to limit {fast-transient} potential difference between these components/systems within and external to the building is a crucial part of efforts to resolve the problem.

If this is starting to cost the municipality significant money, a reputable lightning-protection engineering firm may need to make recommendations on acceptable protection practices based on national-consensus standards and their experience in the geographic region. There are likely no quick or cheap solutions.

A dated but respected general guide on surge fundamentals is www.itl.nist.gov/fipspubs/fip94.pdf
and reams of other non-vendor-based data
www.eeel.nist.gov/817/817g/spd-anthology/
www.jsc.mil/jsce3/emcslsa/stdlib/docs/Handbooks/Mil-HDBK-419A-V-1&2.pdf
www.e-publishing.af.mil/pubfiles/af/32/afi32-1065/afi32-1065.pdf ]http://www.armymars.net/ArmyMARS/Safety/Resources/grounding.pdf]




[This message has been edited by Bjarney (edited 07-02-2004).]

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#129033 - 07/03/04 03:29 AM Re: Lightning problem
iwire Offline
Moderator

Registered: 01/05/03
Posts: 4343
Loc: North Attleboro, MA USA
TVSS

Transient Voltage Surge Suppressor
_________________________
Bob Badger
Construction & Maintenance Electrician
Massachusetts

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#129034 - 07/03/04 04:30 AM Re: Lightning problem
winnie Offline
Member

Registered: 09/15/03
Posts: 652
Loc: boston, ma
Well outside of my domain of experience, but I am quite curious and have several questions. While the service has ground rods, is the grounding electrode system properly bonded to all other 'ground electrodes', eg. building steel, underground piping, etc.? Also, given that this is a township building with police, are there external communications antenna and the like? What is the grounding on these, and are the various ground systems bonded together?

-Jon

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#129035 - 07/06/04 12:29 PM Re: Lightning problem
ayrton Offline
Member

Registered: 12/21/01
Posts: 205
Loc: Pa
As far as I can tell the building has no surge protection or lightning aresstors.
I have always been skeptical of the surge protection you buy anyway. I dont want the embarrasment of installing surge protection which will not solve the problem anyway.
No one has convinced me these things work.
I have many commercial accounts, some of whom have surge protection, and I have still seen equip fried, from PoCo surges or storms. UPS systems with surge protection in them also seem to come up short on protection.
If lightning hits a power line or tfmr, I cannot see anything stopping that surge into the service if it so desires to do so.
Getting a "lightning protection engineering firm" sounds almost amusing. I did not know such co's existed.
I would imagine it is very pricey.
This is a municipality with not much of a budget. We are in the year 2004 and they dont even have a backup generator, and this place is the "emergency shelter" area in the event of a catastrophe.

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#129036 - 07/06/04 06:29 PM Re: Lightning problem
Bjarney Offline
Moderator

Registered: 04/10/02
Posts: 2561
Loc: West-Southern Inner-Northeast ...
Keep routinely replacing stuff piecemeal, but your client may get tired of doing that and magically find funds to invest is an overall less-expensive, longer term fix. If you do a little footwork and offer a studied opinion on the matter, it could be cash in your pocket. If not, then it might be cash in a competitor’s pocket.

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#129037 - 07/06/04 06:37 PM Re: Lightning problem
Bjarney Offline
Moderator

Registered: 04/10/02
Posts: 2561
Loc: West-Southern Inner-Northeast ...
There’s gotta’ be something to resolving the problem, or NIST and the US military would not have already spent many millions and maybe a century trying to understand the problem.

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