ECN Electrical Forum - Discussion Forums for Electricians, Inspectors and Related Professionals

ECN Shout Chat
Top Posters(30 Days)
Admin 16
Recent Posts
fuse rejectors
by HotLine1. 03/24/17 07:53 AM
Another Forum Update
by Admin. 03/22/17 03:04 PM
Dining room plugs
by watersparkfalls. 03/21/17 10:31 PM
TRUE POWER
by jraef. 03/21/17 09:13 PM
WEG CFW-11 Frequency Inverter
by jraef. 03/21/17 08:50 PM
New in the Gallery:
SE cable question
Popular Topics(Views)
231,315 Are you busy
166,048 Re: Forum
160,525 Need opinion
Who's Online Now
0 registered members (), 64 guests, and 10 spiders.
Key: Admin, Global Mod, Mod
Previous Thread
Next Thread
Print Thread
Rate This Thread
Page 1 of 2 1 2
#128354 - 01/25/03 01:31 AM Need help with Electrical Question  
HouseOfPower  Offline
Member
Joined: Jan 2003
Posts: 11
Houston Texas
I need someone to explian how to solve this question.


What is the line amperage of a 3phase delta system if the coil amperages are: A=11 amps

Ia=____________Amps
Ib=____________Amps
Ic=____________Amps

thanks in advance


Tools for Electricians:

#128355 - 01/25/03 01:41 AM Re: Need help with Electrical Question  
Bjarney  Offline
Moderator
Joined: Apr 2002
Posts: 2,527
West-Southern Inner-Northeast ...
Is this a school assignment?


#128356 - 01/25/03 01:49 AM Re: Need help with Electrical Question  
HouseOfPower  Offline
Member
Joined: Jan 2003
Posts: 11
Houston Texas
I am playing catch up. I took a masters 1 and 2 class in 96 and 97. Now I am trying to relearn everything. I am taking a class now and I am a little behind. I need help on finding the steps on how to solve a few problems.


#128357 - 01/25/03 02:03 AM Re: Need help with Electrical Question  
Bjarney  Offline
Moderator
Joined: Apr 2002
Posts: 2,527
West-Southern Inner-Northeast ...
11 amps x 1.732

Do you undestand why it's not 22 amps?


#128358 - 01/25/03 02:12 AM Re: Need help with Electrical Question  
HouseOfPower  Offline
Member
Joined: Jan 2003
Posts: 11
Houston Texas
I don't understand any of this question.This one has me at a total loss.


#128359 - 01/25/03 12:17 PM Re: Need help with Electrical Question  
Steve T  Offline
Member
Joined: Feb 2001
Posts: 306
Oak Park, IL, USA
Delta--

Phase voltage = line voltage
Phase amperage * 1.732 = line amperage

Wye--

Phase voltage * 1.732 = line voltage
Phase amperage = line amperage


Draw your two diagrams of delta and wye, visually you can see why this is.

Write in all your numbers--You can see that in a delta that across one coil if you have 240 volts that the volts on the line will be the same.

Whereas in a wye you can see that if there is 120 volts across one coil(phase) that from line to line you are going through two coils and have to mutiply by 1.732 (not 2 because they are out of phase) to get the line voltage of 208.

Amperage in a delta gets increased because one line is hooked up to the corner of two coils. In a wye one line is hooked up to the corner of one coil only so amperage stays the same.

Hope this helps.

Remember a delta is a triangle and a wye is a Y.


#128360 - 01/25/03 03:59 PM Re: Need help with Electrical Question  
Bjarney  Offline
Moderator
Joined: Apr 2002
Posts: 2,527
West-Southern Inner-Northeast ...
Use three 2-wire heater elements that draw 11 amperes each at rated line voltage. If you connected all three in parallel to a 2-wire source, the current on each line connection would be 11+11+11 or 33 amperes. Now with two heaters on the 2-wire source, the line current is 11+11 or 22 amperes.

Expand the setup from a single-phase two-wire source to three phase, and power the three heaters from a simple three-phase three-wire line. Voltage is immaterial for your answer, but most 3ø calculations assume [unless stated otherwise] balanced voltage and balanced current. Another way of describing it all is that everything’s symmetrical.

Doing only part of the connections and making some current checks along the way—rewire the heaters with one 2-wire heater connected Aø-to-Bø and the second Bø-to-Cø. At this point only 2 heaters are connected, but at this point there is a trick in the line currents, although it isn’t a balanced-3ø system right now. If the current in each 2-wire heater is tested, [say, with a clamp-on ammeter checking either of the heater leads] they will measure 11 amperes in each connection, or 11 amperes on Aø, 11 amperes on Cø, OK? With both heaters connected to Bø, the current should intuitively be more than 11 amperes, for there’s two heaters running. For two 2-wire heaters connected with one wire each on Bø, it may seem that the total Bø current might be 11+11 or 22 amperes.

But, through the magic of three phase, the current is only 86.6% of the expected 22 amperes, or about 19 amperes on Bø.

Continuing for a complete 3ø circuit, connecting the third 2-wire heater on Cø and Aø, there’s now three symmetrical or balanced currents—about 19 amperes {11x1.732} on each phase, and not 22 {11+11}. The three heaters are connected in sort of a triangle or delta connection.

H-o’-P, there you are for the short version. It’s a lot to absorb at once, and has taken years of installation and current checks on real systems for me to learn that all those books aren’t crazy or stupid, and that if you do it right, then you can predict the outcome—and most importantly—make money at it. Repetition, repetition, repetition…
three 2-wire heater elements that draw 11 amperes each at rated line voltage. If you connected all three in parallel to a 2-wire source, the current on each line connection would be 11+11+11 or 33 amperes. Now with two heaters on the 2-wire source, the line current is 11+11 or 22 amperes.

Expand the setup from a single-phase two-wire source to three phase, and power the three heaters from a simple three-phase three-wire line. Voltage is immaterial for your answer, but most 3ø calculations assume [unless stated otherwise] balanced voltage and balanced current. Another way of describing it all is that everything’s symmetrical.

Doing only part of the connections and making some current checks along the way—rewire the heaters with one 2-wire heater connected Aø-to-Bø and the second Bø-to-Cø. At this point only 2 heaters are connected, but at this point there is a trick in the line currents, although it isn’t a balanced-3ø system right now. If the current in each 2-wire heater is tested, [say, with a clamp-on ammeter checking either of the heater leads] they will measure 11 amperes in each connection, or 11 amperes on Aø, 11 amperes on Cø, OK? With both heaters connected to Bø, the current should intuitively be more than 11 amperes, for there’s two heaters running. For two 2-wire heaters connected with one wire each on Bø, it may seem that the total Bø current might be 11+11 or 22 amperes.

But, through the magic of three phase, the current is only 86.6% of the expected 22 amperes, or about 19 amperes on Bø.

Continuing for a complete 3ø circuit, connecting the third 2-wire heater on Cø and Aø, there’s now three symmetrical or balanced currents—about 19 amperes {11x1.732} on each phase, and not 22 {11+11}. The three heaters are connected in sort of a triangle or delta connection.

H-o’-P, there you are for the short version. It’s a lot to absorb at once, and has taken years of installation and current checks on real systems for me to learn that all those books aren’t crazy or stupid, and that if you do it right, then you can predict the outcome—and most importantly—make money at it. Repetition, repetition, repetition…




[This message has been edited by Bjarney (edited 01-25-2003).]


#128361 - 01/25/03 06:52 PM Re: Need help with Electrical Question  
electric-ed  Offline
Member
Joined: Jul 2002
Posts: 175
Canada
HouseOfPower,

Perhaps these sketches will help illustrate what the others have explained.

[Linked Image]

Ed


#128362 - 01/25/03 10:17 PM Re: Need help with Electrical Question  
HouseOfPower  Offline
Member
Joined: Jan 2003
Posts: 11
Houston Texas
Thanks for all the replys. It has been a big help and I need alot of it. I have been in business for 8 years now and have leased a licence. I am starting to study for my masters.


#128363 - 01/25/03 11:08 PM Re: Need help with Electrical Question  
Bjarney  Offline
Moderator
Joined: Apr 2002
Posts: 2,527
West-Southern Inner-Northeast ...
Blue-ribbon illustrations, "Ed".


Page 1 of 2 1 2

Member Spotlight
watersparkfalls
watersparkfalls
Washington...Not DC
Posts: 216
Joined: March 2005
Show All Member Profiles 
Featured:

2017 NEC and Related
2017 NEC
Now Available!

Shout Box
Powered by UBB.threads™ PHP Forum Software 7.6.0
Page Time: 0.016s Queries: 15 (0.003s) Memory: 0.8185 MB (Peak: 0.9936 MB) Zlib enabled. Server Time: 2017-03-24 14:07:51 UTC