Elzapper,

After looking through my Electrical Engineering Handbook, I regret to say that giving you any more information regarding skin effect calcs than what Chris has submitted would be almost impossible.

The topic is spread across 5 sections of my Handbook, each formula requires a variable value which is obtained from either a database, graph or table. Also, writing the formulas out as text only becomes kind of confusing!

Here are a few basic calcs - which are for Skin Effect Ratios on a Linear Cylindrical Conductor to Sinusoidal AC of a given Frequency.

First is for Effective Resistance [R']:

R' = KR (Ohms)

R = True Resistance with continuous current,

K = Value determined from a Table, in terms of *x*. The value of *x* is given by:

*x* = 2*pi*a* sq rt 2*f*u/p

[a = radius of conductor in Cm's, f = Frequency in CPS, u = magnetic permeability of conductor - assumed to be constant, p = resistivity in abohm-centimeters (abohm = 10^-9 ohm)].

For practical calcs, the *x* value can be expressed as:

*x* = 0.063598* sq rt f*u/R

where R = DC resistance at operating temp.

If L' is the effective Inductance:

L' = L1 + K'*L2

[L1 = External portion of Inductance, L2 = Internal portion (due to mag. field within the conductor), and K' is found in the table on some page in another section!!]

The total effective Inductance per unit ength of conductor is:

L' = 2*l*n* d/a + K'* u/2

[a = radius of conductor, d is separation of conductors, l and n are derived from some other formula in some other section!].

Best suggestion is to take a trip to your local Library and reference an EE Handbook for this data. If you can afford to buy a Handbook, that would be a nice investment [if you plan to do advanced calcs in the future - otherwise it's just an expensive paper weight!].

The calcs are really simple once you have all the data and formulas, plus the tables and charts / graphs. This stuff is close to impossible to type out and the tables would take me hours to type in a message post!

Per the Hz of faults, the figures of Intensity are plotted at the Fundamental Hz of the system, and with durations from multiple cycles [1 to 100 cycles] for longer Time-Current curves per Intensity, to fractions of a cycle [1/8 to 1/2 cycle] for shorter Time-Current curves per Intensity.

These peak values are figured with the Fundamental Hz as the plotted reference and time reference.

Scott SET.

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Scott " 35 " Thompson

Just Say NO To Green Eggs And Ham!